Infrastructure Implementation in the Water & Sanitation Sectors: Gears of Implementation and making the Key Drivers work
This poster undertakes a mapping of stakeholder roles across the three levels of urban governance within the urban sanitation infrastructure sector and reviews the flow of authority, funds and influence between stakeholders, to identify the key capacity building interventions to improve the flows.
In India, strategic planning for implementing urban sanitation services may identify its advent from the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission in the year 2005. Two generations of reforms later, from 2005-14 (program phase for JnNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission) and 2014-19 (program phase for AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation), urban decision makers and practitioners alike have gained from a wealth of experience drawn in implementing projects in the water and sanitation sector. This poster draws from this experience of learning from practice towards improving the body of knowledge in the domain.
This poster firstly illustrates the point that successful sanitation infrastructure programing at the national level does not entail only the devolution of institutional responsibilities and funds. It rather deviates and takes the stand that this requires an understanding of the gears of implementation, i.e. the flow of authority, funds and influence (The flow of authority, funds and influence are explained in this paper as mutually exclusive lenses to assess institutional relationships) between stakeholders and reflecting on what are the factors that make the key drivers (Bureaucrats, Elected Representatives, Citizens, Market Players and Civil Society) work. To reflect on the same, this poster firstly undertakes a mapping of all stakeholder roles across the three levels of urban governance within the urban sanitation infrastructure sector and reviews the gears of implementation. Based on this reflection, it identifies the key capacity building interventions for each of the key drivers.