Large regions of the mountains in India are increasingly experiencing water scarcity due to various reasons. Especially the North-eastern Indian states in spite of receiving high orographic rainfall, have started to face acute water scarcity day by day. Nagaland being one such hilly state in the northeast region has started to experience acute water crisis in most parts. Springs form the essential sources of freshwater in such hilly regions and continues to remain the lifeline of majority of the population to meet their drinking and domestic needs. A majority of springs have begun to show decline in discharge over the last few decades, due to various factors such as changes in land use/land cover and changes in climate. The climate change projections (INCCA 2010) for Nagaland indicate that, between 2021 and 2050, water scarcity will further intensify in the state due to prolonged drought periods. The role of multi-stakeholder initiative discussed in this paper provides a unique model of public-private partnership involving state government departments, knowledge agencies, donors and implementing agencies to address the issue of drying springs across 100 villages through multi-layered capacity building exercise on springshed management at state, district and village level.