What are the practical challenges you have faced when implementing a project or a program? What are the ones when evaluating them?
As long as capacity development takes place within the realm of training on technical subjects, there are no issues involved. Once the scope moves into organizational and institutional development, the context starts to be gradually skeptical and some times hostile to the expert's intervention(s). In many cases, attacks do occur on the expert to remove him all together from the reform context and reduce the exercise to training again. Regular tactics to sabotage the reform process include refusing time sheets of experts and hold payments. In other cases, the client issues conflicting instructions to the experts in a very short time to enable confusion that is then utilized to attack the experts and block their work.
All problems related to setting a common agenda between two or more actors. Each actor has its own agenda. Organizations have also their mandate and their interest. So proyects that fail to take that into account, usually face challenges in the implementation.
Interinstitutional dynamics are a common problem. When an issue requires the intervention of two or more , it requires a space for dialogue, to find common ground and this is not always possible to find. Then you have the usual question "who implements" and "who provides the funds" that is not always properly resolved. Not always is clear the role & responsibilities of each party involved.
In my practice I have learned that each actors represent an interest, has its own political agenda, and have its own influence to resolve an issue and its own competence to deliver. All this needs to be in the back of the mind when implementing a capacity development project. Most of the time pre-project usually is spend on identifying allies and aligning interests to move the more reluctant parties.
1.Misconceptions about the amount of investment, particularly with respect to time, required to achieve effective capacity building.
2. An under appreciation of the value of capacity development as opposed to infrastructure development particularly from decision makers which influences budget allocations.
3. Creating the critical mass needed for implementation i.e. getting enough people within an organisation motivated to create change.
The practical challenges I have faced when I was implementing a Project especially for Development in Rural water Sector could be classified in three categories:
1. Plannification with top down than bottom up methods means planning without community consultation
2.Financial problems caused by delaying in payment of casual labors and technician assistance and eve for materials or requirements needs
3.Lack of appropriate technicians caused by under skills of education
4.The highest prices of request materials
5.The climate change handicap the implementation of certain construction activities projects.
In addition on this , those all challenges affecting also the evaluation of those projects or program because while the implementation facing the challenges we can achieving success goal during evaluation period.The planing,budgeting,Implementation should be well done for positive evaluation.